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Botanical species
This category groups botanical species (or ‘wild roses’) that developed spontaneously and were found as wild plants in the Northern Hemisphere. They flower from the beginning of May until the end of June and they produce only ordinary flowers but in large quantities; whereas the repeat-flowering varieties spread their blooming period over the whole summer, without producing more flowers than the first-mentioned variety. These species are useful for decoration, not only due to their gracious and poetic appearance and their bloom, but also due to the diversity of petals (five- to seventeen-part), the colour (from light white/greyish green to dark glossy green, from light purple/red to dark bluish green), and the hips (very different in colour, shape and size; from yellow, yellowish orange, orangish red to reddish brown and black; from ovoid to bottle-shaped). Pruning is restricted to thinning out superfluous and dried out wood.
English roses - Austin roses
This name was given to a considerable set of varieties of the English nurseryman David Austin. They are bred to combine the appearance, the pastel colours and the scent of the Old roses with the repeat- flowering of modern varieties. All of them descend from Belle Isis, a rose bred by the Belgian nurseryman Louis Parmentier. It’s best to plant them out at 80 cm apart.
Floribundas and Polyanthas
Floribundas (large-flowered cluster roses) and Polyanthas (small-flowered cluster roses) are roses with several flowers each stem. The height of the shrubs varies from 50 to 120 cm. Its flowers are single, semi-double or double, and sometimes scent delightfully. This group of roses is especially fit for flowerbeds and mixed borders.
Groundcover roses
A new species of roses has become popular since a couple of years. Previously regarded as a peculiarity, now it has become – thanks to recent wins, and especially ours – a fully valued rose type used to decorate rose beds and verges.
Hybrid Musk roses
The Hybrid Musks constitute a group of continuous-flowering shrubs (low and higher ones), which in their flowering period constantly produce new shoots and sometimes many ground shoots out of the graft union. Most of these young stems arch, and end in a cluster of flowers. This cluster yet flowers the same year and, half left off flowering, already gives the arched branch new ramifications out of the first eyes under the big cluster that produces these smaller ones. Thus the production of flowers and the branching off occurs up towards the basis. It’s recommended to remove the wilted flower, until half September: from then onward you should let the flowers go their own way, after which they produce hips, the plant’s ornament during its rest period. After winter, during springtime, one usually only cuts away the clusters to have the plant flowering very early. And yes indeed, during its first bloom in spring, a month earlier than when it would have been pruned more thoroughly, new ground shoots appear which bring forth their flowers on top of the first flowering. The plant is further maintained by removing the withered clusters, and the next winter the twice-flowering canes may be removed. Due to the plant’s weeping character, the Hybrid Musks can be used conveniently in pots, boxes and barrels. They grow easily and produce new good wood again and again.
Hybrid Tea roses
The popular Hybrid Teas are roses in flowerbeds which carry 3 to 5 large flowers each stem, the flowers are classically shaped. They grow up to 80-150 cm and they are chiefly used in parterres or as cut flowers.
Miniature roses
Small shrubs, about 15-20 cm hihg, vigorously flowering. The small flowers are perfectly shaped, just like large-flowered rose shrubs. The miniature roses are recommended for planting small garden beds with a maximum height of 25 cm, but also for borders, Japanese gardens or in flowerpots.
Modern shrubs
These rose shrubs repeat-flower considerably. As with other repeat-flowering varieties, pruning occurs after winter, but more thoroughly (± 60 cm).
Old Garden roses
The Old Garden roses are not repeat-flowering and flower from the end of May until the end of June, on the wood of the previous season. Exceptions are Bourbon roses, Portland roses, China roses and Hybrid Perpetuals. The once-flowering roses are particularly graceful and require little maintenance because the pruning occurs immediately after the flowering time, so new shoots can develop which will flower the next season. After wintertime, you can – if necessary – make the roses look better by removing superfluous, too long or dead canes.
There are two types of Rambler roses. Some grow to 5 or 6 metres and are particularly suitable to let them entwine in high trees or on a lean-to (in Dutch: liaanrozen, or 'liana roses'). Others can reach about 3 metres and they are usually planted up against a wall, pillar or pergola.
Rugosa roses
These shrub roses of about 1-3 metres high descend from the botanical Rosa rugosa (Japanese rose). Some of them have specifically thick hips, appropriate for making jelly or wine.
Standard roses
Give an extra dimension to your garden and plant some standard roses between lower growing species in beds, between shrubs, along paths or drives, or simply detached in the lawn. Standard roses allow your roses to bloom on two different levels, which provides your garden with a unique appearance. Hint: plant a standard rose in a flower box (for terraces, balconies and patios), whether filled up or not with lower growing roses at its foot.